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nitrofurantoin

nitrofurantoin

Pronunciation: NYE troe fue RAN toin

Brand: Furadantin, Macrobid, Macrodantin

Macrobid 100 mg

capsule, black/yellow, imprinted with Macrobid, Norwich

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Nitrofuantoin Macro-Mono 100 mg-EON

capsule, black/white, imprinted with E 122

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Nitrofurantoin 100 mg-MYL

capsule, gray, imprinted with MYLAN 1700

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Nitrofurantoin 50 mg-MYL

beige, capsule, imprinted with MYLAN 1650

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Nitrofurantoin 100 mg-ZEN

capsule, pink, imprinted with LOGO Zenith 100 mg, 2131

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Nitrofurantoin 50 mg-ZEN

pink/white, imprinted with LOGO Zenith 50 mg, 2130

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Nitrofurantoin Mono 100 mg-WAT

black/yellow, imprinted with WATSON, 3250

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Nitrofurantoin Macrocrystals 50 mg-WAT

white/yellow, imprinted with WATSON, 3253

Image of Nitrofurantoin Macrocrystals 50 mg-WAT
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Nitrofurantoin Mono 100 mg-MYL

capsule, gray/peach, imprinted with MYLAN 3422

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Nitrofurantoin 50 mg-GG

white/yellow, imprinted with GG 535

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Nitrofurantoin Macro 50 mg-TEV

capsule, pink/white, imprinted with LOGO Zenith 50 mg, 2130

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Nitrofurantoin Macrocrystals 100 mg-WAT

yellow, imprinted with WATSON, 3254

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What is the most important information I should know about nitrofurantoin?

Multum donot

You should not take nitrofurantoin if you have severe kidney disease, urination problems, or a history of jaundice or liver problems caused by nitrofurantoin.

Multum nopreg

Do not take nitrofurantoin if you are in the last 2 to 4 weeks of pregnancy.

What is nitrofurantoin?

Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body.

Nitrofurantoin is used to treat urinary tract infections.

Nitrofurantoin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking nitrofurantoin?

Multum donot

You should not take nitrofurantoin if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • severe kidney disease;
  • a history of jaundice or liver problems caused by taking nitrofurantoin;
  • if you are urinating less than usual or not at all; or
  • if you are in the last 2 to 4 weeks of pregnancy.
Multum nopreg

Do not take nitrofurantoin if you are in the last 2 to 4 weeks of pregnancy.

To make sure nitrofurantoin is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • kidney disease;
  • anemia;
  • diabetes;
  • an electrolyte imbalance or vitamin B deficiency;
  • glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency; or
  • any type of debilitating disease.

FDA pregnancy category B. This medicine is not expected to be harmful to an unborn baby during early pregnancy. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant during treatment.

Multum nobrfeed

Nitrofurantoin can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are taking nitrofurantoin.

Multum nochild

Nitrofurantoin should not be given to a child younger than 1 month old.

How should I take nitrofurantoin?

Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Multum food

Take nitrofurantoin with food.

Multum shake

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

You may mix your liquid dose with water, milk, or fruit juice to make it easier to swallow. Drink the entire mixture right away.

Multum finish

Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Nitrofurantoin will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Nitrofurantoin is usually given for up to 3 days after lab tests show that the infection has cleared.

If you use this medicine long-term, you may need frequent medical tests at your doctor's office.

Nitrofurantoin can cause unusual results with certain lab tests for glucose (sugar) in the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using nitrofurantoin.

Multum rt

Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking nitrofurantoin?

Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or has blood in it, call your doctor. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your doctor has told you to.

Multum donot

Avoid using antacids without your doctor's advice. Use only the type of antacid your doctor recommends. Some antacids can make it harder for your body to absorb nitrofurantoin.

What are the possible side effects of nitrofurantoin?

Multum emt

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Multum calldoc

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
  • sudden chest pain or discomfort, wheezing, dry cough or hack;
  • new or worsening cough, trouble breathing;
  • fever, chills, body aches, tiredness, unexplained weight loss;
  • numbness, tingling, or pain in your hands or feet;
  • liver problems --nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, tired feeling, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or
  • lupus-like syndrome --joint pain or swelling with fever, swollen glands, muscle aches, chest pain, vomiting, unusual thoughts or behavior, and patchy skin color.

Serious side effects may be more likely in older adults and those who are ill or debilitated.

Common side effects may include:

  • headache, dizziness;
  • gas, upset stomach;
  • mild diarrhea; or
  • vaginal itching or discharge.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect nitrofurantoin?

Other drugs may interact with nitrofurantoin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about nitrofurantoin.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2014 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 8.01. Revision date: 3/11/2014.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read, understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

Last modified on: 21 November 2014


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