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methylphenidate (oral)

methylphenidate (oral)

Pronunciation: METH il FEN i date

Brand: Concerta, Metadate CD, Metadate ER, Methylin, Quillivant XR, Ritalin, Ritalin LA, Ritalin-SR

Concerta 18 mg

oblong, yellow, imprinted with alza 18

Image of Concerta 18 mg
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Methylin 5 mg

round, white, imprinted with 5, M inside square

Image of Methylin 5 mg
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Methylphenidate 10 mg-WAT

round, green, imprinted with 5883, DAN 10

Image of Methylphenidate 10 mg-WAT
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Concerta 36 mg

oblong, white, imprinted with alza 36

Image of Concerta 36 mg
slide 4 of 18

Methylin 10 mg

round, white, imprinted with 10, M

Image of Methylin 10 mg
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Methylin 20 mg

round, white, imprinted with 20, M inside square

Image of Methylin 20 mg
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Methylphenidate 10 mg-APH

round, blue, imprinted with MD, 530

Image of Methylphenidate 10 mg-APH
slide 7 of 18

Methylphenidate 10 mg-GG

round, yellow, imprinted with MD, 531

Image of Methylphenidate 10 mg-GG
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Methylphenidate 20 mg-GG

round, orange, imprinted with MD, 532

Image of Methylphenidate 20 mg-GG
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Methylphenidate 5 mg-GG

round, blue, imprinted with MD, 530

Image of Methylphenidate 5 mg-GG
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Methylphenidate 5 mg-WAT

round, lavender, imprinted with 5882, DAN 5

Image of Methylphenidate 5 mg-WAT
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Ritalin 10 mg

round, green, imprinted with CIBA, 3

Image of Ritalin 10 mg
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Ritalin 5 mg

round, yellow, imprinted with CIBA, 7

Image of Ritalin 5 mg
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Concerta 54 mg

oblong, red, imprinted with alza 54

Image of Concerta 54 mg
slide 14 of 18

Methylphenidate 20 mg-APH

round, orange, imprinted with MD, 532

Image of Methylphenidate 20 mg-APH
slide 15 of 18

Methylphenidate 20 mg-WAT

round, peach, imprinted with 5884, DAN 20

Image of Methylphenidate 20 mg-WAT
slide 16 of 18

Methylphenidate 5 mg-APH

round, yellow, imprinted with MD, 531

Image of Methylphenidate 5 mg-APH
slide 17 of 18

Methylphenidate ER 20 mg-WAT

oval, white, imprinted with 3111, WPI

Image of Methylphenidate ER 20 mg-WAT
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What is the most important information I should know about methylphenidate?

Multum donot

You should not use methylphenidate if you have glaucoma, tics or Tourette's syndrome, or severe anxiety, tension, or agitation.

Do not use methylphenidate if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, and tranylcypromine.

Multum habit

Methylphenidate may be habit forming. Never share methylphenidate with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.

What is methylphenidate?

Methylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.

Methylphenidate is used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy.

Methylphenidate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking methylphenidate?

Do not use methylphenidate if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, and tranylcypromine.

Multum donot

You should not use this medication if you are allergic to methylphenidate or if you have:

  • glaucoma;
  • a personal or family history of tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette's syndrome; or
  • severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (methylphenidate can make these symptoms worse).
Multum emt

Some stimulants have caused sudden death in people with serious heart problems or congenital heart defects. Tell your doctor if you have:

  • heart disease, heart rhythm disorder;
  • coronary artery disease (hardened arteries); or
  • history of heart attack.

To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • high blood pressure;
  • a personal or family history of mental illness, psychotic disorder, bipolar illness, depression, or suicide attempt;
  • peripheral vascular disease such as Raynaud's syndrome;
  • epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
  • tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette's syndrome;
  • a stomach disorder; or
  • a history of drug or alcohol addiction.
Multum habit

Methylphenidate may be habit forming. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction.

Multum nopreg

FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether methylphenidate will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.

Multum nobrfeed

Methylphenidate can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.

Long-term use of methylphenidate can slow a child's growth. Tell your doctor if the child using this medication is not growing or gaining weight properly.

Do not give methylphenidate to a child younger than 6 years old without a doctor's advice.

How should I take methylphenidate?

Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Multum stomach

Some brands of this medicine should be taken at least 30 minutes before a meal. Extended-release methylphenidate can be taken with or without food. Follow the directions on your medicine label

The chewable tablet must be chewed before you swallow it.

Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Multum shake

Shake the oral suspension (Quillivant) well just before you measure a dose.

Multum nocrush

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole. Breaking the pill may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.

You may open the extended-release capsule and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of pudding or applesauce to make swallowing easier. Swallow right away without chewing. Do not save the mixture for later use. Discard the empty capsule.

To prevent sleep problems, take this medication in the morning.

If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using methylphenidate. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time.

Multum rt

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

Keep track of the amount of medicine used from each new bottle. Methylphenidate is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is later than 6:00 p.m. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of methylphenidate can be fatal.

What should I avoid while taking methylphenidate?

Multum noalcohol

Avoid drinking alcohol, especially if you take extended-release methylphenidate. Alcohol may cause the medicine to be released into the bloodstream too fast.

Multum dizzy

Methylphenidate may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

What are the possible side effects of methylphenidate?

Multum emt

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Multum calldoc

Stop taking methylphenidate and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • new or worsening symptoms such as mood swings, aggression, hostility, or changes in personality or behavior;
  • panic, delusion, extreme fear, hallucinations, unusual behavior, motor tics (muscle twitches);
  • chest pain, fast or slow heart rate, pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest, feeling like you might pass out
  • numbness, pain, cold feeling, unexplained wounds, or skin color changes (pale, red, or blue appearance) in your fingers or toes;
  • sudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body), sudden severe headache, slurred speech, problems with vision or balance;
  • easy bruising, purple spots on your skin;
  • fever, sore throat, and headache with a severe blistering, peeling, and red skin rash;
  • penis erection that is painful or lasts 4 hours or longer (rare); or
  • dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, chest pain, shortness of breath, uneven heartbeats, seizure).

Common side effects may include:

  • feeling nervous or irritable, sleep problems (insomnia);
  • loss of appetite, weight loss;
  • headache, dizziness, drowsiness; or
  • stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, upset stomach.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect methylphenidate?

Other drugs may interact with methylphenidate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about methylphenidate.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2014 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 14.03. Revision date: 1/3/2014.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read, understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.

Last modified on: 21 November 2014

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